1958 Zundapp Janus

1958 Zundapp Janus

Built in Germany and named after the Greek God JANUS, who looked both forward and back, this car has 2 doors: One in the front and one in the rear. The seat can be re-configured to lay flat to make a bed so that you could camp in the car. 20 were originally imported to the USA for sale, but only 10 were ‘officially’ sold. The whereabouts of the other 10 are unknown.

Many people think this car is a BMW Isetta (which has a single door that opens in the front). It is not. It was, however, offered for sale at about the same time.

This is the only car that Zundapp made and it bankrupted them. They needed to sell 15,000 to break even, they only sold 6,900. Previously they made motorcycles and scooters.

1913 American Underslung Scout Type 22A

Of the multitude of early car companies to adopt the name “American” it is the American Motors Company of Indianapolis, Indiana that we feature here. American was a small firm that arrived with a grand flash, and disappeared in just eight years. Thanks to its most popular and distinct model, this iteration of American Motors is most commonly referred to as American Underslung.

The Underslung chassis was designed by Fred Tone in 1907, and it featured the suspension and axles mounted above the frame to allow for a much lower ride height. Tone was one of the first engineers to appreciate the value of a low center of gravity as it benefits handling, and period advertisements bestowed its virtues. This example is a 1913 Scout, a two-seat runabout roadster powered by a 30 hp four-cylinder engine. With its lower price and smaller L-head engine, junior model Scout was introduced in hopes of boosting sales when compared to the large 60 hp touring cars. But it was too-little too-late and American Motors Company closed its doors in 1914.

This Scout is believed to be 1 of only 5 built during 1913.

1911 Ford Model T Torpedo Runabout

Ford’s Model T is one of the most significant inventions of the 20th century. It is the car that put America (and much of the rest of the world) on wheels. Built on Henry Ford’s moving assembly line, the Model T was built in numbers that were previously unheard of in the manufacture of such a complex machine. After nearly 20 years of production, Ford had produced over 15 million Model Ts.

Ford offered a wide variety of body styles from the factory, from practical to sporty. For 1911, the sporty end of the spectrum consisted of the 3-Passenger Runabout, 2-Passenger Torpedo Runabout and 2-Passenger Open Runabout. The primary difference between the latter two is that the Torpedo Runabout has doors, while the Open Runabout features a step-through body. Ford’s “all black” paint policy would not take effect until 1914, with the only gray, green, red or blue offered until then.

1924 Marmon 34C Speedster

Marmon can easily be counted among the great American marques alongside Stutz, Mercer and Duesenberg. Founded by Howard C. Marmon in 1902, the company was built on a reputation for exceptional engineering and quality all the way though its demise in 1933. Marmon found success in the showroom as well as on the race track, with their most famous achievement coming in 1911 when the Marmon Wasp (a bright yellow racer with an extended tail) driven by Ray Harroun, became the first car to win the grueling Indianapolis 500 mile race.
The Model 34 was a highly advanced car, with its “unification construction” that foreshadowed modern unibody design and overhead valve inline six-cylinder engine. Extensive use of aluminum in the engine translated into an even 50/50 weight distribution which was almost unheard of at the time. When Barney Oldfield drove a Marmon “Beetail” speedster to pace the 1920 Indy 500, he ran upwards of 80mph, leaving some of the actual race competitors struggling to keep up! From that point on, the Marmon Model 34 was the car to have for wealthy young sportsmen.

1917 Haynes Model 37 Roadster

Elwood Haynes had his start in the automobile business in 1893 when he purchased a Sintz marine engine, which he intended to install in a horse buggy. Lacking the necessary machinery to make the transmission and other mechanical parts he approached the Apperson Brothers machine shop and by July 4th 1894 drove his car down the streets of his hometown of Kokomo Indiana. Haynes and Apperson began building cars in 1898.

Haynes was fond of telling people that he built “the first car in America” a story he told for years. But the Duryea Brothers are credited with being the first to build a production vehicle in 1893.  Haynes is credited with inventing stainless steel and the thermostat.

This 1917 model 37 Light Six roadster features a unique body, having two doors and what appear as very early bucket seats for the front passengers and a passageway to the back seat. Haynes moved the gearshift forward in 1916 to allow this unusual seating arrangement.

Powered by an in-line six cylinder engine of 288 cubic inches, this car had a top speed of 60 mph. The company produced cars from their Kokomo factory until 1924, when creditors petitioned the US federal court to declare Haynes bankrupt. Elwood Haynes died in April of 1925, and the hope of saving the company died with him.

1914 Cadillac Military Sports Roadster

As the teens rolled into the twenties, many owners of high quality Brass Era motorcars were facing a dilemma. Their machines were falling out of fashion as automakers introduced new, ever more modern body styles. Owners could cut their losses and sell their perfectly good automobiles, or simply order a new body to make their older car look new. This became a rather common practice for owners of extremely high quality cars such as Rolls-Royce, Locomobile and Cadillac.

This 1914 Cadillac is one such car that received a new body when it was just a few years old in order to keep it in vogue. Originally a 2-passenger roadster, the Cadillac updated in 1919 with this 2-passenger “Military Sport Roadster” body by Schutte Body Company of Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Schutte bodies were known for their unrivaled quality, and were often seen fitted to the finest cars in America. This is believed to be the only Cadillac to wear this sporty Military Sport Roadster body.  This vehicle was retained by the same family for 98 years.

1912 Stoddard Dayton Fire Chief Car

Stoddard-Dayton can trace its roots to well before the turn of the twentieth century. Prior to making automobiles, they made agricultural equipment and tools. In the early 1900s, Charles Stoddard had become very interested in motorcars as they began to appear on the roads – and he decided to build them on his own. He sold off his agricultural business to fund his project, and built his first car in 1904. Stoddard-Dayton cars swiftly grew in price, size and power, and sales increased steadily, even in the face of mass-produced competition from Ford.
Known for its reliability, quality and performance, the Stoddard-Dayton was an ideal choice for a quick-response fire vehicle.

This 1912 Model 20 Stratford is equipped with a fascinating and beautiful body by Prospect Fire Engine Co. Given its beautiful quality and expensive equipment, it was most likely a Fire Chief’s car, ideal for rapid response to emergencies.

1909 Locomobile Model 30 Speedster

Initially founded with the intent to produce steam powered motorcars, Locomobile would eventually find its niche as a purveyor of fine quality, large scale luxury automobiles. The company started life in Massachusetts but quickly moved to Bridgeport, Connecticut where it truly established itself. After giving up on steam cars in 1905 and focusing solely on petrol-power, Locomobile soon became one of the greatest names in American motoring. Their cars grew ever larger, more prestigious and more expensive by the year. One of the company’s greatest achievements came in 1908, when “Old 16”, a specially built Locomobile racer with a massive 16.9 liter OHV engine won the prestigious Vanderbilt Cup; the first such win for an American car in the face of fierce competition from the likes of Isotta, Daimler-Benz and Fiat. Locomobile’s primary competition on the sales floor came from Packard, Peerless and Pierce. In order to ensure its exclusivity in the face of the other manufacturers, Locomobile made the brash decision to limit production to just four cars per day.
For 1908 the smaller, lighter Model 30-L joined the lineup (named for its 30 h.p. output). It was powered by a four-cylinder T-head engine but used all of the same high quality materials and construction techniques of its larger brethren, and thereby did not compromise on quality. In 1911, the Model 30 was joined by the six-cylinder Model 48 which came to be the mainstay of Locomobile production through the rest of the company’s life. William C. “Billy” Durant had purchased Locomobile in the early 1920s (following his second ouster from General Motors) and dreamed of putting the marque at the pinnacle of his next great automotive empire. Sadly, that did not come to be and Locomobile suffered the same fate as many of the great early luxury car makers, closing its doors in 1929 thanks to a critical lack of capital.
This 1909 Locomobile Model 30-L  carries a big T-head four cylinder engine and displaces 286 cubic inches. While it was named for its output, the actual power was closer to 40 horsepower, an excellent figure for a four-cylinder model of the time. While larger model Locomobiles relied on chain drive to put the power down, the smaller L-series utilized a shaft driven rear axle that afforded smooth and quiet operation with less maintenance. Inspired by the contemporary Panhard, Locomobile fitted the gearbox in the center of the car, which gave better weight distribution and positive action from the gear lever.

1907 Pope Toledo Type XV Touring

No fewer than five companies bore the surname of the ambitious industrialist Col. Albert Augustus Pope; a man who created a short-lived but prestigious empire of automobile manufacturers which offered a wide variety of vehicles between 1904 and 1914. Col. Pope set up shop in Hartford, Connecticut where, in 1903 he built his first prototype single-cylinder car. Production began in earnest the following year with two body styles offered on the common chassis. Larger engine options came quickly, with a 16hp twin following the single, as well as a 20/25hp four. Ever-increasing engine sizes were met with ever-inflating prices, with the largest of the Pope-Hartford line topping $5,500. Pope-Hartford models were built at the company headquarters in Connecticut, though other brands soon followed as the Colonel and his family extended their reach in the automobile business. Pope-Waverly offered electric cars built in Indiana; Pope-Tribune focused on small, cheap cars, Pope-Robinson was a very brief foray that produced just 59 cars, and the most prestigious of them all was Pope-Toledo.
Pope-Toledo grew out of the International Bicycle Co., another of Albert Augustus Pope’s businesses. From 1904, the company offered first steam, and later petrol-powered cars. The petrol versions proved quite successful in motorsport, with a Pope-Toledo coming in 3rd in the highly competitive and popular Vanderbilt Cup in 1904 and winning the America’s first-ever 24 hour endurance race in 1905. Pope-Toledo cars grew swiftly in size and price through the coming model years, culminating in the 50 horsepower limousine of 1907. This prestigious and beautiful machine sold for a robust $6,000 and was among the finest automobiles on offer to wealthy American buyers. As with much of the Pope empire, growth came quickly and with little regard to the market demand. While cars like the Pope-Toledo were beautifully built and returned excellent performance, the market was crowded and only a finite number of buyers could afford such extravagant motorcars. Pope-Toledo went into receivership in 1909; with the parent company Pope-Hartford following shortly after in 1913. While its sister company Pope-Hartford enjoyed moderate success over the course of a decade, the much rarer Pope-Toledo was experienced by only a handful of fortunate (and wealthy) clientele.

This 1907 Pope-Toledo Type XV 50hp touring car is one of just a handful known to exist and was once part of the famous William F. Harrah collection.